Europe is one of the most forest-rich regions in the world - we are surrounded by 190 million hectares of forests, which makes it 40 % of Europe's territory. European forest cover increases regularly, contributing to growth and jobs in rural area, ensuring wood and ecological services provision.
The bioeconomy covers the sustainable supply of renewable resources, services and their conversion, as well as the conversion of waste streams into food, feed, fibres, materials, chemicals and bioenergy.
Biorefineries being an essential part of the bioeconomy, are industrial installations that provide products from renewable, natural resources, replacing fossil-based products.
Martial arts weapons, Nunavut curios, historical documents and a sprawling protected forest full of wildlife surround C.W. Nicol.
OTTAWA – The Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society (CPAWS) released its annual Parks Report today, What’s Next: Parks and Protected Areas to 2020 and Beyond, which recommends how governments in Canada – federal, provincial, territorial and Indigenous – can work together to achieve Canada’s international commitment to protect at least 17% of our landscape by 2020, and to plan for the longer-term work needed to reverse the catastrophic and ongoing decline in nature. Canada has the greatest opportunity in a generation to protect nature – and this report provides a roadmap for action.
Wildfire has destroyed acres of rangeland. Now scientists are trying to restore it. Sagebrush, it turns out, doesn’t just fix itself.
Geneva, 17th July 2018—Twenty years after trade in sturgeons was regulated, illegal trade in sturgeon caviar continues and threatens the survival of this endangered group of species across the world, according to a new TRAFFIC and WWF study.
Dear IFSA Friends! We are happy to catch up with you again since our last article now is ready to be published. Here are some list of story from IFSA LC Gembloux for this month : 1. IFSA Belgium (Gembloux LC) Week-end activities on April 2018 2. Taking back to delegates’s experience in Southern European … Continue reading IFSA Tree News : July/ Last Edition
Several key destinations have been plotted out in the latest ‘roadmap’ for taking the European Sustainable Tropical Timber Coalition (STTC) forward from 2018 to 2020. Source: Timberbiz These include generating more and more reliable data for the European verified sustainable tropical timber market and developing pan-industry partnerships for its mission to grow that market and incentivise the spread of sustainable tropical forest management to supply it. The goal is also to strengthen industry investment in and ownership of the STTC to make it increasingly self-sustaining. The STTC roadmap has developed through consultation with members and partners and grew out of discussions at its successful 2017 annual conference in Aarhus. At the same meeting IDH the Sustainable Trade Initiative also announced extension of its support for the STTC to 2020. The goal for market monitoring is to produce annual reports on European market share of certified sustainable, verified legal and FLEGT licensed tropical timber. The aim is also to include secondary processed timber products, growing volumes of which not covered by the EUTR are reported entering the EU market from China and India. Data collection and analysis partnerships with bodies including certification scheme owners, trade federations, the IMM, ITTO and FAO will also be explored, as will membership fees and project co-funding with private sector and other partners. An STTC Technical Committee, including representatives of the FSC, PEFC, ATIBT, the ETTF and key national federations, is also being formed. This will have a range of oversight, communication and strategy formulation roles to facilitate the STTC becoming a ‘platform for shared ambition and agenda setting for key private sector stakeholders promoting sustainability’. Additionally, an STTC Political Committee, comprising government, civil society and market research representation will inform and comment on the annual report and advise follow-up action. The STTC aims to step up lobbying of European governments, and disseminate communication tools, technical research and other information to partners. It will also focus on clarification of FLEGT licensed timber’s status relative to verified sustainable material. In addition, the STTC will continue to raise awareness on key topics via its annual conference, website and newsletters.
Due to climate change humankind is facing a situation where preparation and actions are needed. These challenges also concern nature in Finland and globally. Our forests are already changing as trees and other organisms adapt to changing conditions or spread into new areas. Source: Timberbiz The genome of trees is changing in the process; large spruces originally adapted to a certain type of climate, but the seeds that fell on the snow last winter have slightly different genomes. Through such slow processes, natural selection seeks to ensure that trees adapt to changing conditions as well as possible. The genetic diversity of forest trees is a prerequisite for their adaptation. For this reason, a total of 44 genetic reserve forests have been established around Finland. In these forests, the trees have been renewed naturally or using local seeds and seedlings. The purpose of these actively managed forest areas is to continuously produce new seeds that adapt to changing conditions. Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke) is responsible for protecting the genetic resources of forest trees. The institute is carrying out systematic work over the long term, as the results may not actually be needed until a hundred years from now. Finland is a geographically extensive country that offers opportunities to transfer seed material from the south to the north when climate conditions change. Although transfers are not recommended yet, at some point we may be faced with a situation where seed material is needed from abroad. This issue is already a topical one in southern parts of Europe, where more suitable seed material is being sought from Africa. The transfers do not involve new species. Instead, the intention is to transfer seeds of indigenous species that are better adapted to drought. On the other hand, the need to preserve original species has been recognised around the world, which is why a seed bank has been established in Svalbard, primarily for crops. Since 2015, seeds from Finnish pines and spruces have also been stored in the permafrost of Svalbard. In addition to preparing for threats, the intention is to monitor genetic changes. Climate change continues to involve a large number of unresolved issues. How much will temperatures, rainfall and storm winds increase? Will the Gulf Stream be disrupted? What effects will this have? Will species respond differently than we have expected? Will some species increase in number, even though they it has been predicted that they will suffer from the change? Or will the change be short-term, after all? One thing is certain: nature has the ability to surprise us. Good, sustainable management is the best way to help forest environments, along with maintaining their diversity.
At the UK’s Goodwood Festival of Speed – an event for historic racing cars, Swedish tech start-up Einride revealed its latest product: The T-log, an autonomous, all-electric logging truck. Source: Timberbiz More powerful than the T-pod – the all-electric, autonomous truck Einride revealed last year – the T-log incorporates some off-road capabilities and is designed to navigate forest roads. “Einride is constantly pushing the boundaries of autonomous and all-electric vehicles in our ambition to lead the transition to a sustainable transportation system. With the T-log, we’ve created a vehicle that can withstand the rigours of a demanding environment. It is uncharted territory for us, but also an enormous market for battery-powered AVs,” Robert Falck, CEO of Einride, said. Powered by the Nvidia Drive self-driving platform, the T-log is capable of SEA level 4 self-driving. It has no driver’s cab but can be remote-controlled by a human operator from hundreds of miles away using Phantom Auto teleoperation safety technology designed to provide robust, minimal latency telecommunications even with 4G. No driver’s cab enables a smaller vehicle, increased loading capacity, greater flexibility, lower production costs, lower operating costs and optimized energy consumption, allowing the T-log to run solely on batteries, even in difficult environments. Connected to an intelligent routing software providing it with real-time traffic data, the T-log can adjust its route to avoid congestion miles ahead. A fleet of T-logs will be coordinated by an intelligent routing system, optimizing delivery time, battery life and energy consumption, making the transport as efficient as possible. “The driver’s cab is what makes trucks expensive to produce, and having a driver in the cabin is what makes them expensive to operate. Remove the cabin and replace the driver with an operator who can monitor and remote-control several vehicles at once and costs can be reduced significantly. In addition, operating a vehicle from a distance allows for a much better working environment, as has already been demonstrated in industries like mining,” Mr Falck said. Emitting no greenhouse gases or toxic nitrogen oxides, the T-log is an environmentally and health friendly alternative to diesel powered trucks. Equipped with cameras, lidars and radars, it has 360-degree awareness of its surroundings – no blind spots, no dead angles. “Heavy road transport is responsible for a substantial part of global CO2 emissions. Add to that the tens of thousands of people who die every year from NOx pollution – effectively poisoned by diesel fumes – and you have every reason to look for a more sustainable alternative,” Mr Falck said. “The T-log eliminates those emissions entirely, by replacing diesel with electricity. Technology has progressed to make it happen. And because it can be done, it must be done.” Einride hopes to introduce the T-log to public roads by 2020. The company has already registered interest from several major global companies. T-log specifications Battery capacity: 300 kWh Carrying capacity: 16 ton Distance travelled on one charge: 120 miles Width: 2,552 m Height: 3,563 m Length: 7,338 m
The Jeay’s Street Community Centre in Bowen Hills, Brisbane provides a safe, open space for community members to access formal and informal community-based support. Source: Timberbiz This latest project extends the Community Kitchen which is located at the adjacent community gardens and is a collaboration between Jeay’s Street community members, Red Cross and Unqualified Design Studio. With the support of Hyne Timber’s donation of timber, the extension provides a practical seating area where community members can eat and socialise. The new space aims to provide a connection point, a gathering place and a space for social activities for local residents. Unqualified Design Studio assisted Red Cross in facilitating a number of workshops where community members could share their thoughts on the design before actively contributing to the construction. The community team built bench seats with the pine donated by Hyne Timber, catering for social gathering under the new timber structure. In our practice we often talk about the benefits of timber and biophilic design – how nature inspired design positively impacts our lives, but we don’t always get the opportunity to consider how the creative design process and the craftsmanship involved during the design and construction phases contribute to the health and wellbeing of communities. It’s through skill sharing and collaborative design that we can ensure those most impacted by social challenges have a say in designing and implementing solutions. It’s a goal that runs through many of the projects Unqualified Design Studio takes part in and Hyne Timber is proud to have supported a project, that engages a variety of audiences while actively contributing to the role that architecture and design plays in shaping our communities.
The NZIF Foundation announced education and research awards totalling NZ$41,000. “For this year’s allocation of funds, we were excited to have more awards, receive more applications and announce a record level for distributions,” said Dr Andrew McEwen, the Foundation’s chair. Source: Timberbiz “In 2012, the first year of the Foundation’s operation, we had four awards and NZ$6500 to distribute. For 2018 we had 10 award categories. “What is especially pleasing is the applicants come from a wide range of institutions and forestry interests, with research projects in plantation forest management, harvesting and trade, social issues, indigenous forests and urban forests.” The awards were announced at the New Zealand Institute of Forestry Conference dinner in Nelson recently. Trevor Best, a PhD student at the University of Canterbury School of Forestry received a NZ$10,000 Future Forest Scholarship for his research on the way machine operators in the logging industry deal with stress within their work-life with an emphasis on the implications for their health and safety. Leo Mercer, a PhD student in environmental studies at Victoria University of Wellington received a NZ$10,000 Future Forest Scholarship for his research examining the role native forest restoration, in association with carbon farming, can play in the development of Māori land on the East Coast of the North Island. Mat Curry, a Forestry Science student at Canterbury University received the NZ$5000 NZ Redwood Company Scholarship. Logan Robertson, a Forestry Science student at Canterbury University received the $5000 Invercargill City Forests award, which is available to assist residents of Invercargill City in studies, research or travel in an area benefiting forestry. The Jon Dey Memorial Award assists research projects in the areas of work study or new technology aimed at improving forest engineering and harvest productivity. An amount of NZ$3500 was awarded to Cameron Leslie, for his Master’s project on the productivity of winch-assisted machines. The Otago/Southland Award of $3000 went to Rhys Blacka University of Canterbury student for his analysis of the availability of bulk vessels for log exports, using data from South Port and Port Otago. The Frank Hutchinson Postgraduate Scholarship of NZ$1000 went to Yannina Whiteleyat Canterbury, the University Undergraduate Scholarship of NZ$1000 was awarded to Phoebe Milne, a first-year forestry student at Canterbury and the Mary Sutherland Scholarship of NZ$1000 was awarded to Georgia Paulson, who is in her second year of the Level 6 Diploma in Forest Management at Toi-Ohomai, in Rotorua. Three forestry students from Canterbury University received prizes in the student poster competition at the NZIF Conference. Ben Reriti received first prize of NZ$800, Millan Visser second prize of NZ$500 and Lauchie Westonthird prize of NZ$200. “We were delighted with the number and quality of applications,” said Dr McEwen. “We congratulate the recipients of the awards and thank all applicants and encourage them to persist with their research and education and to make a career associated with New Zealand’s forests, which have a vital role to play in this country’s environment, economy and society.”
New Zealand forestry professionals meeting for their annual conference in Nelson received and discussed a new national forest policy. The document “Forest Policy for New Zealand” was presented to the Minister of Forests, Shane Jones, who formally opened the conference. Source: Timberbiz David Evison, President of the NZ Institute of Forestry introduced the policy to the conference and suggested to the Minister that Government and its officials use the document to help develop sound long-term strategies for forestry development in New Zealand. “Unlike many countries, New Zealand has no national forest policy. Government decisions on matters as diverse as climate change, water quality, taxation, overseas investment and land use have too often adversely affected our forests. As trees live longer than most plants a stable policy environment is critical for good forest management,” Dr Evison said. “Four years ago a concerned group of forestry professionals, including members of this Institute, with expertise from across the sector, started a project to write a national policy. “The document resulting from their hard work outlines five long-term policies to recognise, protect and enhance the many benefits that trees and forests deliver to the environment, economy, society and culture. The policies cover all forests (from conservation to production), management objectives, tenure types and all species (indigenous and introduced). “A good policy provides important principles to guide decisions on legislation and regulation and helps achieve better outcomes. If the policy is well implemented, it will result in healthier, better managed forests which provide much greater value to New Zealand and New Zealanders.”
New Forests announced its Australia New Zealand Forest Fund 2 (ANZFF2) has acquired a 38% shareholding in Wenita Forest Products Ltd (Wenita) and full ownership of the Otago Land Company, which holds 22,500 hectares of freehold land on which Wenita operates via forestry rights. Source: Timberbiz New Forests is acquiring the assets from The Rohatyn Group (TRG), a specialised asset management firm with expertise in emerging markets and real assets, which first purchased the Wenita shareholding in 2005 in a joint venture with Chinese logistics company Sinotrans and 100% of the OLC land in 2006. The transaction marks the successful completion and full investment of the $707 million ANZFF2 fund. “The Wenita transaction is a milestone for our ANZFF series of forestry funds as we complete full investment of ANZFF2, securing significant scale in both target countries of Australia and New Zealand,” Mark Rogers, Managing Director for New Forests’ Australia-New Zealand business said. “New Forests has been selective and disciplined in creating the ANZFF2 portfolio. The Wenita acquisition complements the fund’s hardwood and softwood plantation exposure in Australia and brings our New Zealand estate to more than 48,000 hectares in total.” Wenita is the largest softwood timber producer in New Zealand’s Otago region with a 29,200-hectare estate growing primarily radiata pine. Wenita maintains Forest Stewardship Council certification of responsible forest management and has high standards for care of the environment, worker safety, and the quality of its forests and timber. “The ultimate success of this investment for TRG has been the result of significant direct involvement in the management of the plantations, including the setting of its business model and an extremely collaborative relationship with Sinotrans,” TRG Partner Ian Jolly said. “At the time of acquisition, the Wenita estate was depleted, had very high operating costs and relatively poor yields. During our ownership, inventory has recovered, yields are greatly improved, and operating costs have reduced dramatically as harvesting is now in the second rotation. We are delighted to deliver a strong realized return from this investment to our clients.” “Wenita manages a high-quality forestry resource that will be a strong addition to the ANZFF2 portfolio. New Forests’ approach in New Zealand centres around working with quality forest managers to steadily build asset value, improve forest health and productivity, and ensure our timberlands are operated responsibly and sustainably,” New Forests Portfolio Manager Matthew Crapp said. “In this respect, we look forward to working with the Wenita management team and the existing shareholders.” New Forests’ Australia New Zealand focused investment funds represent more than $2.75 billion of forestry and processing assets. New Forests is currently investing its Australia New Zealand Forest Fund 3, which has capital commitments of $873 million from a combination of pension funds and superannuation funds. “New Forests continues to see attractive institutional investment opportunities to support the stable, long-term management of forestry assets in Australia and New Zealand,” said Mr Rogers. “We remain dedicated to building and managing worldclass forestry portfolios for our clients in this region as well as bringing additional private capital to our investment strategies in Southeast Asia and to our growing United States forest climate solutions investment program.” New Forests manages $4.5 billion in assets and funds under management, with more than 940,000 hectares of forests, land, and conservation investments in Australia, New Zealand, Southeast Asia, and the United States.
According to the Andrews Labor Government it is making work fairer and safer for workers who are owner drivers or forestry contractors – including drivers using digital freight and delivery platforms. Source: Timberbiz Minister for Industrial Relations Natalie Hutchins announced reforms, which will make it easier for the growing number of owner drivers and forestry contractors to get paid on time, be safe at work and support their businesses. Owner drivers are effectively small businesses that own and operate one to three vehicles to deliver goods around Australia. The changes announced are in response to a comprehensive review of the Owner Drivers and Forestry Contractors Act (ODFC Act), which found widespread non-compliance with the Act by hirers and brokers, putting workers’ safety, their incomes and their businesses at risk. The review also had to respond to the fact that, when the ODFC Act was created over a decade ago, digital platforms such as Uber Freight, Uber Eats and Deliveroo didn’t exist. The reforms respond to the emergence of these online platforms and strike a balance between supporting these growing independent small businesses and their needs as they compete with large businesses. Under the proposed changes, for the first time, there will be education, enforcement and compliance for this industry within the newly announced Victorian Wage Inspectorate. There will be penalties for not complying with the mandatory requirements of the Act, and infringements for failing to provide relevant rate and cost schedules, a written contract or a notice of termination or payment in lieu of notice. Businesses will also be required to pay owner drivers within 30 days of receiving an invoice – reducing financial pressure for drivers. These business owners will also have access to a fast, low cost and confidential binding dispute resolution process. The Government will also remove a loophole that has denied some of these workers the right to take disputes to the Victorian Small Business Commission and the Victorian Civil and Administrative Tribunal. The Victorian Budget 2018/19 provided $22 million for the Inspectorate, which includes up to $5.5 million to fund enforcement of these reforms.
Australians recycled more than 180,000 tonnes of the newsprint it used in calendar year 2017, with 75.4% of all newspapers being recovered and recycled. That was down just 0.9% compared with the prior year, according to latest research by IndustryEdge, for NewsMediaWorks. Source: IndustryEdge Despite the continued decline in consumption of newsprint (the data indicates a decline of 12.9% compared with 2016), the industry continues to exceed recovery and recycling expectations. The 2017 recovery and recycling result is consistent with world’s best practices according to Tim Woods at IndustryEdge. “The world has some recycling challenges right now, but Australians are doing their bit,” Mr Woods told Daily Timber News. “Putting our newspapers out for recycling actually makes a difference.” Despite maintaining the recovery rate, there have been changes brought about by the total amount of material recovered falling to 181,346 tonnes. This was down 14.2% on the prior year. It seems that with the recovery rate stable, it is declining consumption that has driven the recovery and recycling volumes lower. IndustryEdge commented that the destinations of the recovered material have changed dramatically in recent years. This is important because where recovered fibre goes provides indicators of the fibre strategies (and cost structures) of the products that are made from the recovered material. Export volumes (all of which are destined for use in making recycled Newsprint and Packaging & Industrial papers) were down just 0.8% in 2017, totalling 100,034 tonnes. As a result, 55.2% of the total material recovered in the year was exported. Australian Recovered Newsprint by Destination: 2017 (%) Source: NewsMediaWorks & IndustryEdge Once the largest proportional user of recovered newsprint, the packaging sector (recovered newsprint is almost exclusively used for recycled corrugated box production when it goes to packaging paper mills) used just 34,982 tonnes in 2017. The migration away from newsprint by companies like Visy and Orora has been by necessity, as the volumes available are too limited for the sector that uses a total of something close to 850,000 tonnes of recovered fibre every year. Most of that is old corrugated boxes. Local producer, Norske Skog, received back 24,580 tonnes of recovered newsprint. Its efforts to take stewardship of this volume is significant in a newsprint market that is experiencing such severe declines. There is always interest in the ‘Other’ uses of recovered newsprint. So as not to identify the volume of recovered newsprint used by individual companies, this aggregated use (21,750 tonnes in 2017) includes the ‘moulded fibre’ (think of egg cartons and fruit trays) and pet litter sectors. It also includes soil stabilizer and composting activities. The ‘Old Newsprint Recovery Figures’ Report is produced annually by IndustryEdge, for NewsMediaWorks, an industry association. It is one of the suite of paper and board recovery surveys, reports and analysis conducted by IndustryEdge each year, for companies, industry associations and government bodies. A full copy of the report is available on request from IndustryEdge at email@example.com or from NewsMediaWorks at www.newsmediaworks.com.au
Bushfire policy, the nature of conservation and the implications for the timber industry form the key themes of a new book on native forestry. “Going ‘Green’: Forests, Fire and a Flawed Conservation Culture”, by forestry expert Mark Poynter was launched in Melbourne last Friday. Mr Poynter has been a forester for about 40 years. Source: Phillip Hopkins for Timberbiz A central theme of the book is the decline in the Australian public’s understanding of forestry science, which evolved in 18th Century Germany and spread around the world via its uptake in Britain. Key issues discussed include: How environmental activism sprung up and evolved. The role of the media in fostering a certain view of native forestry. How politics and bureaucracy helped implement a ‘green’ agenda. Detailed discussion about ‘saving’ the Leadbeater’s Possum and how this affects the timber industry in Victoria’s Central Highlands. The process surrounding the reservation of Victoria’s river red gum forests. The ‘peace deal’ that reserved large chunks of Tasmania’s forests. Active management or benign neglect –the burning question for forest management and biodiversity. Mr Poynter said the nationwide loss of community respect for forestry, foresters, forest industries and their workers was disturbing. “Forestry has had its share of errors, trials and tribulations as it negotiated a way between society’s pragmatic socio-economic demands and the needs of the forests themselves,” he said. Critics’ concerns had been amplified by ‘save-the-forest’ environmental campaigning and mostly one-sided media reporting. “Ultimately this has equated the broad science-based discipline of forestry with only one activity – wood production,” he said. Mr Poynter said foresters, who were scientists academically-trained in all aspects of forestry, were now “loggers” driven by greed and entangled in corruption, wood production a “red-neck” pursuit. There was little appreciation of socially useful wood products and the workers who produce them, despite the general appreciation of the durability and beauty of native hardwood floors and furniture. “Mostly missing from the public discourse has been the scientific justification for forest management and use. Forestry science as practised by foresters is integral to the hows and whys of forest management,” he said. “But because it sits somewhere between the polarised protagonists – environmental activists and timber industries – it has rarely been afforded a voice.” Mr Poynter said there was a general belief that forests were being logged without any foresight and regulation simply because a few rural workers needed a job. However only 5%-8% of Australia’s native forest was used for timber production in a cycle of harvest and regrowth, he said. This fact raised serious questions about environmental ideology and how it had evolved into politically correct ‘conservation culture’. Mr Poynter, who is a forest practitioner, said his book aimed to examine this ‘conservation culture’ and how it was used to bring about political outcomes. “Going ‘Green’: Forests, Fire and a Flawed Conservation Culture” is published by Connor Court.
Delegates noted that the Aichi Biodiversity Targets will not be achieved by their deadline of 2020, casting doubt as to whether sufficient progress is being made toward SDG 15, which shares similar targets. Speakers highlighted, among others, land management as an important issue for SDG 15, the benefits of sustainable forestry and land restoration for mitigating climate change, and the role of biodiversity protection in conflict prevention.
Particulate matter deposits on leaves increase plant transpiration and the risk of plants suffering from drought. Particulate matter could thus be contributing more strongly to tree mortality and forest decline than previously assumed. This is suggested by results from a greenhouse study, in which tree seedlings grown in almost particulate matter free air or in unfiltered air were compared.
Each year in July CEPI publishes the latest preliminary market and production data for the previous year. The latest data whether it is production, added-value or exports all indicate positive trends.
- Investment: more than 5bn, a 7.5% increase from 2016
- Exports: up 5.4%
- Paper & Board consumption: up 0.5%
- Paper & Board production: up 1.5%
- Employment: up 0.1%
The full key statistics report can be downloaded here.
Deloittes auditor’s report assurance can be found here.
For more information on the report, please contact Ariane Crèvecoeur, CEPI's Statistics Manager at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Republic of Korea has become the latest country to achieve the PEFC endorsement of its national forest certification system for the first time. “Thanks to the PEFC endorsement of our national system, we expect the sustainable management of forests to become widespread in Korea,” said...
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